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Helping your elderly loved one stay hydrated in spring and summer

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Spring and summer weather can be both beneficial and challenging for elderly people, especially when it comes to staying hydrated.

Find out why hydration is so important for older people, and what you can do to help ensure your loved one is taking on enough fluids during the warmer months.

Why staying hydrated is so important for older people 

Older people are especially susceptible to dehydration. There are a variety of reasons for this, such as:

  • Decrease in thirst sensation
  • Loss of fluids through incontinence, poor kidney functionality or acute illness
  • Impaired physical and/or cognitive abilities
  • Side effects of medications

Dehydration can lead to a whole host of secondary conditions, including lethargy, reduced blood pressure, headaches, constipation, UTIs, kidney stones and blood clot complications.

A lack of fluids can prevent medications from working as intended, and even result in hospitalisation.

How to help keep your loved one sufficiently hydrated 

To help keep your loved one hydrated, start by working out how much fluid they should be consuming.

As a benchmark for normal conditions, men should consume 3 litres per day, and women should consume 2.2 litres. Warm weather, exercise and diarrhoea/vomiting will mean additional fluids are required.

However, each person has different requirements in terms of hydration. If you use imperial units, jot down your loved one's weight (e.g. 150lb), divide it by three (50lb) and aim to drink this number in ounces (50oz, or eight six-ounce glasses).

The same basic technique works for metric, too. Divide their weight by three, then divide this figure by 16 to work out how many grams of fluid they should be consuming each day.

It's also well worth speaking to a doctor, as medications can have a significant effect on the amount your loved one should be drinking.

Ideas to help your loved one stay hydrated

1. Try a range of beverages

Water contains everything you need. But, you might find they're more receptive to consuming a range of different beverages, including:

  • Decaffeinated tea/coffee
  • Fruit juice
  • Milkshakes
  • Smoothies
  • Sports drinks

Experiment with drinks that are hot and cold, and use things like soda water to add a fizzy sensation without additional sugar.

2. Use different sources of fluid

It's not only beverages that contain fluid. If your loved one is reluctant to drink more, try foods with a high concentration of water, such as:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Soups, broths and casseroles
  • Low-sugar ice lollies and ice cream

The latter are great for spring and summer as they can also help regulate body temperature.

3. Make fluids easily accessible

Memory and frailty often play a role in dehydration among older people, so it helps to make consuming fluids as easy as possible. Here are some ideas to get you started:

Keeping your loved one hydrated can be a 24/7 requirement. Live-in care helps ensure your loved one gets the attention and specialist approach they need to stay sufficiently hydrated.

Find out more about how your loved one can gain additional support this summer with The Good Care Group.

Later Life Planning (LLP) event at The Assembly Room, Chichester on 20th May 2017 Sight and Perception in Dementia
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