Communication becomes even more challenging with incidences of forgetfulness and/or finding the right words increasing. Judgement is impacted at this stage and a person may not take as much care of themselves, with personal hygiene standards not being maintained. Incontinence is also very common during this stage.
The most significant change at this stage is the impact on a person’s mood and behaviour. Difficulties with sleeping, frustration resulting for some in aggressive behaviour, repeating actions or words and wandering are all common behaviours at this stage.
This stage of dementia is commonly referred to as mid-stage dementia. This is generally the longest stage in a person’s dementia journey lasting between 2 to 10 years.
This stage is typically referred to as late-stage dementia or advanced dementia. It is characterised by severs decline in cognitive and physical function.
People in the advanced stages of dementia become increasingly frail and depend more on other people for support. As dementia progresses it causes changes to the person’s brain, they may struggle to do many of the things they used to. However, even in the advanced stages the person may experience moments of lucidity (being aware of their situation) and they are always aware of how they are feeling, even if they do not quite know what made them feel that way.
The person’s reactions are likely to be influenced by their environment and how they feel. For example, they may react more positively if they are in a familiar environment or one where they feel comfortable. Communication becomes increasing challenging and some people during this stage are not able to verbalise at all. It is likely at this stage a person will require higher levels of care and support to complete day-to-day tasks, like eating and personal care. At stage 7 it is likely that a person living with dementia will be spending most of their time in their bed.
This stage of dementia is the shortest in a person’s journey, typically lasting no longer than 3 years.